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                    對德克希姆當代多元文化主義的批判
                    日期:2019-07-25

                    A Durkheimian critique of contemporary multiculturalism.

                    對德克希姆當代多元文化主義的批判

                    Multiculturalism has been under scrutiny and subject to heated debates by politicians, commentators, and academics over the past two decades. Behind these debates lie concerns about the erosion of social cohesion, national security, and economic problems. This article frames and explains the debates over cultural diversity from the perspective of Durkheimian functionalism. This article presents a systematic review of Durkheim's theory and debunks (mis)interpretations that transpose his notion of division of labour to cultural diversity. It is argued that the competitive nature of the global nation-state system poses challenges for sustaining cultural diversity within national borders. After contrasting the Durkheimian functionalist perspective on multiculturalism with contemporary social justice perspectives, the article highlights and analyses the pressure point between multiculturalism within and the competitive global nation-state system without.

                    摘要: 在過去的二十年里,多元文化主義受到了政治家、評論家和學者的密切關注和激烈辯論。這些爭論的背后是對社會凝聚力、國家安全和經濟問題受到多元文化主義侵蝕的擔憂。本文從德克希姆功能主義的角度對文化多樣性的爭論進行了框定和解釋。本文系統地回顧了德克海姆的理論,并揭穿了其將勞動分工觀念轉變為文化多樣性的錯誤解釋。有人認為,全球民族國家體系的競爭性質對維持國家邊界內的文化多樣性構成了挑戰。本文將多文化主義的德克希姆功能主義觀點與當代社會正義觀進行了對比,重點分析了多元文化主義與競爭性全球民族國家制度之間的壓力點。

                    作者: Sohrabi, Hadi1

                    作者單位: Department of Social Sciences, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia

                    來源: Ethnic & Racial Studies. Jun2019, Vol. 42 Issue 8, p1283-1304. 22p.

                    翻譯:周學文

                     

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